|Clematis 'Blue Light'|
Planting and care of clematis
Clematis are sold in plastic or fibre pots. While plastic pots should be removed, fibre pots should be left on. Remove only the rims to just below the soil line and make three cuts halfway up from the bottom. These pots will decompose in the soil.
Dig a hole four to five inches deeper than the root ball depth and fill that area with an enriched soil mix. Place the plant in the hole, ensuring the top of the root ball is slightly higher than ground level. Backfill with the enriched soil.
Clematis prefers a fertile, well-drained soil. Alkaline soils can be attained by regular applications of horticultural lime around the root ball. Regular watering is required to ensure the root ball does not dry out.
Clematis should be fertilized regularly to maintain healthy growth and flowering potential. Also, a regular application of organic fertilizer will help to maintain good soil structure.
Clematis prefers a sunny location, but will not tolerate excessively hot environments. Some varieties will adapt to lower light conditions such as north- or east-facing exposures, and still bloom quite well. Equally important is that the roots of a clematis plant stay cool. Provide shade from nearby leafy shrubs or perennials. The use of mulch also helps to reduce soil temperatures.
Perhaps the most challenging aspect of clematis care is their pruning requirements. Different varieties flower at different times of the year, and in order to prune properly, one needs to know its blooming habits. Generally, clematis can be organized in one of the following groups:
Planting two to three different varieties of clematis will provide a sequence of bloom, contributing a continuous display of colour to the garden.
Images courtesy of Horticopia